Difference between revisions of "Fail2Ban"

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(Minor grammar edits)
(0.6.2)
Line 1: Line 1:
                 __      _ _ ___ _
+
                 __      _ _ ___ _              
               / _|__ _(_) |_  ) |__  __ _ _ _
+
               / _|__ _(_) |_  ) |__  __ _ _ _
               |  _/ _` | | |/ /| '_ \/ _` | ' \
+
               |  _/ _` | | |/ /| '_ \/ _` | ' \  
 
               |_| \__,_|_|_/___|_.__/\__,_|_||_|
 
               |_| \__,_|_|_/___|_.__/\__,_|_||_|
 
   
 
   
 
  =============================================================
 
  =============================================================
  Fail2Ban (version 0.6.1)                          2006/03/16
+
  Fail2Ban (version 0.6.2)                          2006/12/11
 
  =============================================================
 
  =============================================================
 
   
 
   
Line 22: Line 22:
 
   
 
   
 
  Fail2Ban is rather simple. I have a home server connected to
 
  Fail2Ban is rather simple. I have a home server connected to
  the Internet which runs apache, samba, sshd, and some other
+
  the Internet which runs apache, samba, sshd, ... I see in my
services. I saw in my logs that people are trying to log into
+
logs that people are trying to log into my box using "manual"
my box using brute force, either "manually" or with scripts.
+
brute force or scripts. They try 10, 20 and sometimes more
They have tried 10, 20 and sometimes more user/password
+
user/password (without success anyway). In order to
combinations, without success. In order to discourage these
+
  discourage these script kiddies, I wanted that sshd refuse
  script kiddies, I wanted sshd to refuse login from a specific
+
login from a specific ip after 3 password failures. After
IP address after 3 password failures. After some Google
+
some Google searches, I found that sshd was not able of that.
searches, I found that sshd was not able of that, so I
+
  So I search for a script or program that do it. I found
  searched for a script or program that does it. I found
+
  nothing :-( So I decide to write mine and to learn Python :-)
  nothing. :-( So I decided to write my own, and to learn
+
Python. :-)
+
 
   
 
   
  For each section defined in the configuration file, Fail2Ban
+
  For each sections defined in the configuration file, Fail2Ban
 
  tries to find lines which match the failregex. Then it
 
  tries to find lines which match the failregex. Then it
 
  retrieves the message time using timeregex and timepattern.
 
  retrieves the message time using timeregex and timepattern.
  It finally gets the IP, and if that IP has already caused 3
+
  It finally gets the ip and if it has already done 3 or more
  or more password failures within the last banTime, it is
+
  password failures in the last banTime, the ip is banned for
  banned for banTime using a firewall rule. This rule is set
+
  banTime using a firewall rule. This rule is set by the user
by the user in the configuration file; thus, Fail2Ban can be
+
in the configuration file. Thus, Fail2Ban can be adapted for
adapted for many different firewalls. After banTime, the rule
+
lots of firewall. After banTime, the rule is deleted. Notice
is deleted. Notice that if no "plain" IP is available,
+
that if no "plain" ip is available, Fail2Ban try to do DNS
Fail2Ban tries to do a DNS lookup in order to find one or
+
lookup in order to found one or several ip's to ban.
several IP addresses to ban.
+
 
   
 
   
  Sections can be freely added to the configuration file, so it
+
  Sections can be freely added so it is possible to monitor
is possible to monitor several daemons at the same time.
+
several daemons at the same time.
 
   
 
   
  Fail2Ban runs on my server and does its job rather well :-)
+
  Runs on my server and does its job rather well :-) The idea
The idea is to make Fail2Ban usable with daemons and services
+
is to make fail2ban usable with daemons and services that
  that require a login (sshd, telnetd, ...) and with different
+
  require a login (sshd, telnetd, ...) and with different
 
  firewalls.
 
  firewalls.
 
   
 
   
Line 58: Line 55:
 
  -------------
 
  -------------
 
   
 
   
  Requires: python-2.4 (http://www.python.org)
+
  Require: python-2.4 (http://www.python.org)
 
   
 
   
  To install, just run:
+
  To install, just do:
 
   
 
   
  > tar xvfj fail2ban-0.6.1.tar.bz2
+
  > tar xvfj fail2ban-0.6.2.tar.bz2
  > cd fail2ban-0.6.1
+
  > cd fail2ban-0.6.2
 
  > python setup.py install
 
  > python setup.py install
 
   
 
   
Line 73: Line 70:
 
  RedHat: packages are available on the website.
 
  RedHat: packages are available on the website.
 
   
 
   
  Fail2Ban should now be correctly installed. Just run:
+
  Fail2Ban should now be correctly installed. Just type:
 
   
 
   
 
  > fail2ban -h
 
  > fail2ban -h
Line 119: Line 116:
 
   -v        verbose. Use twice for greater effect
 
   -v        verbose. Use twice for greater effect
 
   -V        print software version
 
   -V        print software version
 +
 +
Please note that a vulnerability (CVE-2006-6302) affects
 +
version < 0.6.2. Since 0.6.2, a named group "host" was added
 +
to "failregex". This group must match the host address. Old
 +
configuration files will still work but will generate a
 +
warning. In this case, please update your configuration file.
 
   
 
   
 
  Contact:
 
  Contact:

Revision as of 14:15, 15 December 2006

               __      _ _ ___ _               
              / _|__ _(_) |_  ) |__  __ _ _ _  
             |  _/ _` | | |/ /| '_ \/ _` | ' \ 
             |_| \__,_|_|_/___|_.__/\__,_|_||_|

=============================================================
Fail2Ban (version 0.6.2)                           2006/12/11
=============================================================

Fail2Ban scans log files like /var/log/pwdfail and bans IP
that makes too many password failures. It updates firewall
rules to reject the IP address. These rules can be defined by
the user. Fail2Ban can read multiple log files such as sshd
or Apache web server ones.

This is my first Python program. Moreover, English is not my
mother tongue...


More details:
-------------

Fail2Ban is rather simple. I have a home server connected to
the Internet which runs apache, samba, sshd, ... I see in my
logs that people are trying to log into my box using "manual"
brute force or scripts. They try 10, 20 and sometimes more
user/password (without success anyway). In order to
discourage these script kiddies, I wanted that sshd refuse
login from a specific ip after 3 password failures. After
some Google searches, I found that sshd was not able of that.
So I search for a script or program that do it. I found
nothing :-( So I decide to write mine and to learn Python :-)

For each sections defined in the configuration file, Fail2Ban
tries to find lines which match the failregex. Then it
retrieves the message time using timeregex and timepattern.
It finally gets the ip and if it has already done 3 or more
password failures in the last banTime, the ip is banned for
banTime using a firewall rule. This rule is set by the user
in the configuration file. Thus, Fail2Ban can be adapted for
lots of firewall. After banTime, the rule is deleted. Notice
that if no "plain" ip is available, Fail2Ban try to do DNS
lookup in order to found one or several ip's to ban.

Sections can be freely added so it is possible to monitor
several daemons at the same time.

Runs on my server and does its job rather well :-) The idea
is to make fail2ban usable with daemons and services that
require a login (sshd, telnetd, ...) and with different
firewalls.


Installation:
-------------

Require: python-2.4 (http://www.python.org)

To install, just do:

> tar xvfj fail2ban-0.6.2.tar.bz2
> cd fail2ban-0.6.2
> python setup.py install

This will install Fail2Ban into /usr/lib/fail2ban. The
fail2ban executable is placed into /usr/bin.

Gentoo: ebuilds are available on the website.
Debian: Fail2Ban is in Debian unstable.
RedHat: packages are available on the website.

Fail2Ban should now be correctly installed. Just type:

> fail2ban -h

to see if everything is alright. You can configure fail2ban
with a config file. Different kind of configuration files are
available:

iptables:   copy config/fail2ban.conf.iptables to
            /etc/fail2ban.conf
hosts.deny: copy config/fail2ban.conf.hostsdeny to
            /etc/fail2ban.conf
shorewall:  copy config/fail2ban.conf.shorewall to
            /etc/fail2ban.conf

Do not forget to edit fail2ban.conf to meet your needs.

You can use the initd script available in config/. Copy
<dist>-initd to /etc/init.d/fail2ban. Gentoo users must copy
gentoo-confd to /etc/conf.d/fail2ban. You can start fail2ban:

> /etc/init.d/fail2ban start

Gentoo users can add it to the default runlevel:

> rc-update add fail2ban default

Configuration:
--------------

You can configure fail2ban using the file /etc/fail2ban.conf
or using command line options. Command line options override
the value stored in fail2ban.conf. Here are the command line
options:

  -b         start in background
  -c <FILE>  read configuration file FILE
  -p <FILE>  create PID lock in FILE
  -h         display this help message
  -i <IP(s)> IP(s) to ignore
  -k         kill a currently running instance
  -r <VALUE> allow a max of VALUE password failure [maxfailures]
  -t